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German Alphabet

German Alphabet

The German alphabet is very similar to the English alphabet, albeit with a few wrinkles. Don’t worry about them for now, because we’ll get to them in a moment. For the time being, take a moment to familiarize yourself using the German alphabet table below.

 

German letter

Pronunciation

Example

A

Ah

Abend (evening)

B

Beh

Bett (bed)

C

Tseh

Celcius (celsius)

D

Deh

danke (thank you)

E

Eh

Entschuldigung (excuse me)

F

Eff

Fleisch (meat)

G

Geh

gut (good)

H

Hah

hallo (hello)

I

Ih

ich (I)

J

Yott

ja (yes)

K

Kah

kalt (cold)

L

Ell

lange (long)

M

Emm

Mutter (mother)

N

Enn

nein (no)

O

Oh

Opa (granpa)

P

Peh

Papa (dad)

Q

Kuh

Quiz (quiz)

R

Err

rot (red)

S

Ess

Salz (salt)

T

Teh

Ticket (ticket)

U

Uh

unten downstairs)

V

Fau

Vater (father)

W

Veh

willkommen (welcome)

X

Iks

Xylophon (xylophone)

Y

Ypsilon

Yoga (yoga)

Z

Tzett

Zebra (zebra)

 

Extra letters in the German alphabet

Alongside the standard letters you have just learnt, the German alphabet has four extra letters. Ä, Ö and Ü are called „umlauts“ and sound very similar to A, O and U, but they are formed in the front of your mouth and thus have a sharper sound.

The letter „β“ is called „esszett“ – although it often gets mistaken for the letter „b“, it is pronounced as „ss“.

German letter

English sound

Example

Ä

cat

Mädchen (girl)

Ö

turn

schön (nice)

Ü

cuisine

über (above)

β

chess

Ich heiβe (I am called)

          

That about wraps it up for this post. The German alphabet is pretty straight forward, which is why this post was so short and sweet.