A Lesson on Arabic Pronouns

By optilingo

Arabic pronouns are similar to English pronouns in that they cover the basics of I, you, she, he, they, etc… As a point of departure, Arabic pronouns include singular, plural and “dual” pronouns. When you learn the Arabic language, it may sound odd, but whereas English only has two forms of pronouns (singular and dual), Arabic includes three: singular, dual and plural. Dual pronouns describe exactly two nouns, whereas plural describe three or more nouns.

Here’s a summary table of Arabic pronouns:

English Subject Pronouns English Object Pronouns
Singular I أنا (ana) me ـني (-ni)
you (masc.) انتَ (anta) you (masc.) ـكَ (-ka)
you (fem.) انتِ (anti) you (fem.) ـكِ (-ki)
he هو (howwa) him ـه (-u)
she هي (heyya) her ـها (-ha)
Dual we نحن (naHnu) us ـنا (-na)
you أنتما (antuma) you ـكما (-kuma)
they هما (humaa) them ـهما (-huma)
Plural we نحن (naHnu) us ـنا (-na)
you (masc.) أنتم (antum) you (masc.) ـكم (-kum)
you (fem.) أنتن (antunna) you (fem.) ـكن (-kunna)
they (masc.) هم (homa) them (masc.) ـهم (-hum)
they (fem.) هن (hunna) them (fem.) ـهن (-hunna)

Additionally, it’s worth noting that there are no possessive pronouns (or adjectives) in Arabic and that personal pronouns can be attached to nouns, verbs and prepositions.