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Spanish Nouns

Spanish Nouns

Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. We can establish some generalities to help you distinguish them: 

  • Almost all Spanish nouns ending in -o are masculine,
  • Spanish Nouns ending in -a, or -d, or -ción are usually feminine. (Two important exceptions are la mano, the hand, and el día, the day, which are respectively, feminine and masculine.) 

This is by no means true for all Spanish nouns and with other endings you have to learn the gender when you learn the noun. The easiest way of doing this is by learning the article the along with the noun. So, he masculine singular form of “the” is “el”, the masculine plural form is los; the feminine singular is” la”, feminine plural is “las”. For example, the word book in Spanish is “libro”; you know now that most nouns ending in “o” are masculine, and this is certainly the case, however, when studying try to add the article “el” before “libro” to remember it is a singular masculine noun.

This rule might make it even easier: many masculine nouns ending in -o, referring to persons, have a feminine equivalent in -a.

El amigo = The boy friend

La amiga = The girl friend

El cocinero = the cook (man)

La cocinera = The cook (woman)

Forming plurals in Spanish nouns is very similar to what you do in English: Simply add -s to words ending with a vowel, and -es to words ending with a consonant. Have a look at these examples:

El profesor = the teacher                                     Los profesores= the teachers                 

La chica = the girl                                                      Las chicas = The girls

El libro =the book                                                      Los libros = the books

El idioma = The language                                    Los idiomas= The languages

The English articles “a” and “an” have their own Spanish equivalents: “un” before a singular masculine noun, and “una” for a feminine singular noun.

A book (m, Sing) = un libro

A woman ( f, Sing) = una A mujer