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Spanish Alphabet Basics

Spanish Alphabet Basics

Below is the complete alphabet in Spanish. Most of the letters are similar in pronunciation to English, but there are a few differences you'll need to know. Word examples have been included so that you can not only practice your vowel sounds, but also the placement of accents in the words.

Spanish Alphabet

Letter as Written

Name of Letter*

How to Say the Letter

Word Examples

A

A

AH

aDENtro (inside) aFUEra (outside)

B

Be

regular B is fine

BAño (bathroom)

C

Ce

S*** or K, depending

CEna (dinner), said like S

CAma (bed), said like K

CH

Che

a hard CH

NOche (night)

D

De

regular D

desPAcio (slow)

E

E

AY

esPOso/a (spouse)

F

Efe

regular F

faMIlia (family)

G

Ge

usually a normal G sound, sometimes H

GOrro (cap)

geneRAL (general)

I

I

EE

ISla (island)

J

Jota

H said from the throat.**

JUgo (juice)

K

Ka

K

kiloGRAma (kilogram)

L

Ele

L

LIMpio/a (clean)

LL

Elle

a hard Y sound is fine, you'll sometimes hear it as more of a J

llaMAda (phone call)

M

Eme

M

medicaMENto (medicine)

N

Ene

N

NUEvo/a (new)

Ñ

Eñe

Always said as a combination of N and a hard Y

BAño (bathroom, bath)

O

O

long O

o (or)

P

Pe

P

perSOna (person)

Q

Qu

K (nevertheless, Q is always written with the silent U)

QUEso (cheese)

R

Ere

R, with a roll of the tongue

reGAlo (gift)

RR

Erre

RRrr... You get the picture.

arrOz (rice)

S

Ese

S

seMAna (week)

t

Te

T

teneDOR (fork)

u

U

OO (like food, or scoop)

club (club)

v

Ve

B is fine

vaRÓN (male)

w

Doble V

Normal W

wau (wow)

x

Equis

X

Éxito (success)

y

I Griega

a hard Y sound is fine, you'll sometimes hear it as more of a J

ya (done, finished, now, already)

 

z

Zeta

S***

zaPAto (shoe)

 

*You can use these when spelling your name for a receptionist and when making reservations, etc.

**In Latin America, the J is said the same as any H, no difference.

***In Spain, S sounds are said like a soft TH

If you want to dive into grammar next, read this post on Spanish grammar.