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Learn Portuguese

Learn Portuguese
on March 24, 2017

If you want to learn Portuguese, basic grammar is going to be very important. This includes subject and verb agreement. Rather than bore you with a bunch of rules, I’m just going to lay out a few basic phrases to help you get by.

If you want to learn Portuguese, though, before I dive in, I should point out one slight grammatical issue. Every noun in Portuguese has a gender. No matter what you're talking about, know that it has to be either masculine or feminine. - if you need to describe it, the genre must match. The words ending in “o” are usually masculine and take the masculine articles. For example: O menino, O carro, O gato branco and the words ending in “a” are feminine and they take the feminine articles. For example: A menina, A casa, A gata branca.

Now on to a few phrases designed to help you learn Portuguese:

Saudações - Greetings

It’s also important that you learn how to greet people the right way. It's the first thing to do when entering a place or meeting someone! The natives will appreciate your effort to try to greet them using their language. Let’s see:

Ola                                                                         Hello

Oi                                                                         Hi

Bom Dia                                                       Good morning

Boa Tarde                                                       Good afternoon

Boa Noite                                                       Good evening / Good night

Como vai você?                                     How are you?

Eu estou bem, Obrigado                   I'm fine, thank you.

Prazer em conhecer você                   Nice to meet you.

Por favor                                                       Please.

Por nada                                                       You're welcome.

Sim                                                                         Yes

Não                                                                         No

Com licença                                                       Excuse me

Desculpa                                                       Sorry

Tchau                                                                         Goodbye

Obrigado/Obrigada                                     Thank you

 Até mais tarde                                                       See you later

Até logo                                                       See you soon

Prazer em conhecer você                   Nice to meet you

Eu não falo Português                                     I don't speak English

Você fala Inglês?                                     Do you speak English?

Desculpe, Eu não entendo você. Sorry I don't understand you.

Você pode repetir, por favor?                   Can you repeat please?

Aonde é o banheiro?                                     Where is the restroom?

TIP: to say “thank you”, a man would say Obrigado, while a woman would say Obrigada.

One of the best tips if you want to learn Portuguese is to pick up the pronouns.

In Portuguese, the personal pronouns are:

Eu… (I), tu/você… (you), ele… (he), ela… (she),

Nós… (we), Vós/vocês… (you plural) eles …(they masc.), elas… (they fem.)

Portuguese does not have the “it” pronoun, and uses ele and ela instead, depending on if the noun is masculine or feminine.

In Portuguese, the possessive pronouns vary in gender (masculine and feminine) and number (singular and plural). Sometimes they vary with the person who owns the items in question, and other times they agree with the object that is owned. I hope this lesson will make it really easy to learn how to use the possessive pronouns.

Meu / minha                                     my

Seu / sua                                     your

Dele / dela                                     his / hers

Nosso / nossa                                     ours

Seu / sua                                     yours

Deles /

 

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