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Japanese Verbs

By OptiLingo | March 27, 2017

Japanese Verbs

There are two categories of Japanese verbs: Past and non-past. The past forms usually have -ta or -shita at the end of the sentence:

For example:                   I ate sushi = Watashi wa sushi o tabemashita/tabeta. 

The present form of Japanese verbs is usually followed by -masu or - ru 

For example:                  I eat sushi = Watashi wa sushi o tabemasu/taberu.

Another type of the present verb form can be compared to the progressives in English language.

For example:                   I am eating sushi = Watashi wa sushi o tabete imasu.

                                             I am drinking water = Watashi was mizu o nonde imasu.

50 Most Common Words/Vocabularies in Japanese

Before you begin, it is quite helpful for you to know the most common words/vocabularies in Japanese. Below is a table that list these often-used words:

 

Word (s)/Vocabulary (ies)

Japanese (Hiragana or Kanji or Katakana/(Romanji)

1

Airplane

飛行機 (Hikooki)

2

Why?

どうして? (doushite?)

3

Question

質問 (shitsumon)

4

Time

時間 (jikan)

5

Who

だれ (dare)

6

Hotel

ホテル (hoteru)

7

Airport

空港 (kuukou)

8

Train station

駅 (eki)

9

Home

家 (uchi/ie)

10

Taxi

タクシー (takushi)

11

Hungry

おなかすいた (onaka suita) / はらへった (hara hetta)

12

Fish

魚 (sakana)

13

Sorry

ごめんなさい (gomennasai)

14

Transportation

のりもの (norimono)

15

Apartment

アパート (Apaato)

16

School

学校 (Gakkou)

17

Hospital

病院 (Byooin)

18

Bar

バー (Baa)

19

Water

水 (mizu)

20

Food

食べ物 (tabemono)

21

Drink (noun)

飲み物 (nomimono)

22

Bank

銀行 (Ginkoo)

23

Happy

嬉しい (ureshii)

24

Okay

大丈夫 (daijoubu)

25

Hot

熱い (atsui)

26

 Cold

寒い (samui) 

27

 Far

遠い (tooi)

28

 Small

小さい (chiisai)

29

Big, Large

大きい (ookii)

30

Expensive / Tall

高い (takai)

31

Bad

悪い (warui)

32

You

あなた (anata)

33

Fun

楽しい (tanoshii)

34

Supermarket

スーパー (suupaa) 

35

Convenience Store

コンビニ (konbini)

36

Restaurant

レストラン (resutoran)

37

Red

赤 (aka)

38

 White

白 (shiro)

39

Green

緑 (midori)

40

Black

黒 (kuro) 

41

Toilet

トイレ (toire)

42

Bathroom

手洗い (tearai)

43

Help

助けて (tasukete)

44

Stop it!

やめて! (yamete!)

45

 English language

英語 (eigo)

46

Clothes

服 (fuku)

47

Police

警察 (keisatsu)

48

Dangerous

危ない (abunai)

49

 When

いつ (itsu)

50

I

私 (watashi)

 

Ready to learn about Japanese adjectives? Read this next post.

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