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How To Speak German

How To Speak German
on March 26, 2017

Did you know that German is closely related to English? That’s great news, because if you want to know how to speak German, you’ve already got a great head start. The alphabets are pretty similar to the two languages, and many core vocabulary words are quite similar.

In this post, I’m going to help you with how to speak German by just jumping in and sharing a few phrases. Enjoy! 

The following phrases will help you talking about yourself and also asking the other person some questions. This way you will make German friends in absolutely no time!

German

English

Hallo

Hello

Guten Morgen/Guten Tag/Guten Abend

Good morning/Good day/Good evening

Auf Wiedersehen

Good-bye

Bis bald

See you soon

Tschüs

Bye-be

Ich heiβe.../Mein Name ist...

I am called.../My name is...

Wie geht’s?

How are you?

Gut, danke. Und dir?/ Und Ihnen?

Good, thanks. And how are you?

Ich bin 35 Jahre alt

I am 35 years old

Ich komme aus Amerika

I am from America

Ich wohne/lebe in New York

I live in New York

Ich habe keine Geschwister

I don’t have any siblings

Das ist mein Mann/Sohn/Bruder/Freund

This is my husband/son/brother/friend

Das ist meine Frau/Tochter/Schwester/Freundin

This is my wife/daughter/sister/friend

Ich habe einen Bruder/zwei Brüder

I have a brother/two brothers

Ich habe eine Schwester/zwei Schwestern

I have a sister/two sisters

Ich bin ledig/verheiratet

I am single/married

Ich habe keine Kinder

I don’t have children

Meine Hobby ist Reisen/Lesen/Sport/Sprachen lernen

My hobby is traveling/reading/sports/learning languages

Wie heiβt du?/Wie heiβen Sie?

What’s your name?

Wie alt bist du?/Wie alt sind Sie?

How old are you?

Bist du deutsch?/Sind Sie deutsch?

Are you German?

Kommst du von hier?/Sind Sie von hier?

Are you from around here?

Hast du Geschwister?/Haben Sie Geschwister?

Do you have any siblings?

Hast du Kinder?/Haben Sie Kinder?

Do you have children?

Bist du verheiratet?/Sind Sie verheiratet?

Are you married?

 

„du“ and „Sie“

Both „du“ and „Sie“ are translated as „you“, but there is a big difference. „Du“ is used for family and friends ONLY, whereas „Sie“ is used for people you don’t know.

It is considered to be very rude in Germany if you start calling someone „du“ right away. You should always wait until the other person offers you to use the more familiar „du“.

 

 

 

Undoubtedly you will find yourself lost somewhere on your travels around Germany, despite having great maps and a fabulous tour guide!

But that’s no problem at all, because these phrases will get you where you want to be:

German

English

Wo ist der Bahnhof?

Where is the train station?

Wo ist die Bushaltestelle?

Where is the bus stop?

Wie komme ich zum Bahnhof?

How do I get to the train station?

Wie komme ich zur Bushaltestelle?

How do I get to the bus stop?

Ich muss zum Flughafen

I have to get to the airport

Ich suche die XYZ-Straβe

I am looking for xyz street

Können Sie es mir auf der Karte zeigen?

Could you show me on the map?

Muss ich umsteigen?

Do I have to change?

Ist es ein direkter Zug?

Is it a direct train?

Entschuldigung, sind Sie von hier?

Excuse me, are you from around here?

Entschuldigung, wo finde ich die Touristen-Information?

Excuse me, wher do I find the tourist information office?

Gehen Sie geradeaus

Go straight ahead

Gehen Sie links

Go left

Gehen Sie rechts

Go right

Nehmen Sie die erste/zweite/dritte Straβe auf der linken/rechten Seite

Take the first/second/third street on the left-hand/right-hand side

Sie brauchen den Bus Nummer 12

You need bus number 12

Die Bushaltestelle ist dort drüben

The bus stop is over there

Die Bushaltestelle ist in der Marienstraβe

The bus stop is in Marienstraβe

Sie müssen mit der U-Bahn fahren. Die Haltestelle heiβt Berliner Platz.

You have to go by subway. The stop is called Berliner Platz.

Nehmen Sie am besten die Straβenbahn

It is best you take the tram

Fahren Sie mit dem Zug

Take the train

Der Bahnhof ist neben der Kirche

The train stations is next to the church

Nein, Sie müssen nicht umsteigen, es ist ein direkter Zug.

No, you don’t have to change, it is a direct train.

Ja, Sie müssen an der Haltestelle Opernplatz umsteigen und dort den Bus Nummer 25 nehmen.

Yes, you have to change at the stop „Opernplatz“ and there you need to take the bus number 25.

Vielen Dank!

Many thanks!

Vielen Dank für Ihre Hilfe!

Many thanks for your help!

Kein Problem

No problem

Gute Fahrt/Gute Reise

Safe journey/trip


I say this a lot, and it’s as true for German as it is for any other language: If you want to know how to speak German, you’ve just got to dive in and speak. I’d strongly suggest you try speaking these phrases out loud as a starting point in your language learning.

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