40% Off MSRP. Free Shipping : 30-Day Money Back Guarantee. Get Started Now

French Alphabet 101

French Alphabet 101
on March 23, 2017

Like many European languages, the French alphabet is similar to the English alphabet, and learning it should not pose too much of a problem for English speakers. The French alphabet is comprised of 26 letters, and is based on the Latin alphabet. The entire French alphabet, along with a pronunciation key is provided below:

Letter

Name

Name (IPA)

Diacritics and ligatures

A

a

/ɑ/

Àà, Ââ, Ææ

B

/be/

 

C

/se/

Çç

D

/de/

 

E

e

/ə/

Éé, Èè, Êê, Ëë

F

effe

/ɛf/

 

G

/ʒe/

 

H

ache

/aʃ/

 

I

i

/i/

Îî, Ïï

J

ji

/ʒi/

 

K

ka

/kɑ/

 

L

elle

/ɛl/

 

M

emme

/ɛm/

 

N

enne

/ɛn/

 

O

o

/o/

Ôô, Œœ

P

/pe/

 

Q

qu

/ky/

 

R

erre

/ɛʁ/

 

S

esse

/ɛs/

 

T

/te/

 

U

u

/y/

Ùù, Ûû, Üü

V

/ve/

 

W

double vé

/dubləve/

 

X

ixe

/iks/

 

Y

i grec

/iɡʁɛk/

Ÿÿ

Z

zède

/zɛd/

 

 French verbs

Verbs are action words, in French verbs convey the action that is being done in a French sentence. Like most languages, French has irregular and regular verbs. The former don’t follow many set rules, but the latter do. In the infinitive form, there are three major groups of French verbs:

Verbs ending in -er, like parler (to talk)

Verbs ending in -ir, like finir (to finish)

Verbs ending in -re, like vendre (to sell)

Of course, beyond these regular French verbs, there are countless irregular verbs like like avoir (to have), aller (to go), faire (to do, to make), and être (to be), to name a few. Irregular French verbs follow very different patterns when they are conjugated, so we’ll be avoiding them in this post.

Like English, French verbs must agree with their subjects – the thing or person that is doing the action of the verb. Like English, in French, one must always state who the subject is, except when making a command.

Additionally similar to English, French verbs come in a variety of tenses, including the following:

Present: nous parlons (we speak / are speaking)

Imperfect: nous parlions (we used to speak)

Future: nous parlerons (we will speak)

Tenses come in two types: simple tenses and compound tenses. By way of example, in English, a simple tense might be: I speak, while a compound tense might be: I am speaking.

Below is a list of the top 25 most common French verbs:

 

Verb

English

1

être

to be

2

avoir

to have

3

pouvoir

to be able (can)

4

faire

to do, to make

5

mettre

to put, to place

6

dire

to say, to tell

7

devoir

to have to , must, to owe

8

prendre

to take, to catch, to capture

9

donner

to give, to produce

10

aller

to go

11

vouloir

to want, to wish

12

savoir

to know

13

falloir

to have to

14

voir

to see

15

demander

to ask, to request

16

trouver

to find, to discover

17

rendre

to return (something), to give back

18

venir

to come

19

passer

to pass, to go past

20

comprendre

to comprehend

21

rester

to stay, to remain

22

tenir

to hold, to keep

23

porter

to carry, to wear

24

parler

to speak, to talk

25

montrer

to show, to display

 

Now you're ready to check out these tips on the best way to learn French.

Related Posts

Recent Posts

Breaking Down Steps For Eff...

April 27, 2017

Memorization isn’t mysterious. A person who can memorize a poem doesn’t necessarily have a better memory than you – that...

Read more →


Promote Fluency in Your Nex...

April 24, 2017

In the last blog, you learned about the first four principles of becoming fluent in a language. Even though a...

Read more →


Promote Fluency in Your Nex...

April 24, 2017

Learning another language is a long process, and it is different for everyone. There is no such thing as a...

Read more →


The Six Excuses That Deter ...

April 24, 2017

We are an extraordinarily creative species, as is obvious by how we can find any excuse to keep us from...

Read more →


8 Simple Tricks to Learning...

April 24, 2017

The Straightforward Approach It is easy to believe that there are tricks and cheats that will help you learn a...

Read more →