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Easiest Way To Learn Italian

Easiest Way To Learn Italian
on March 26, 2017

If you want to know the easiest way to learn Italian, you should just dive in with a few basic, helpful phrases. Now that said, before we do, let me first share a bit about how to build sentences in Italian. Don’t worry… this section won’t be long, but if you want to know the easiest way to learn Italian, you’ll need a bit of theory and a lot of practice. Here’s the theory:

Nouns or whoever do the action of the verb or receive the action of the verb (persons, places, things, feelings, or ideas) and pronouns (or words that take the place of nouns to avoid repetitions).

In Italian, every noun has a grammatical gender, either masculine or feminine. The gender of the noun has an impact on other words that qualify or refer to it, such as articles, adjectives and pronouns.

It’s symbolic and “casa” and “luna” are feminine while “treno” and “sole” are masculine.

The general rule is:

Nouns ending in -o are masculine: il figlio the son

Nouns ending in -a are feminine: la stazione the station

Nouns ending in -e can be either masculine or feminine: il padre the father, la madre the mother.

A very useful tip: nouns ending in -zione, -gione, -sione, -tà, -tù, -udine, -i, and -ie are feminine.

La città (the city), la stagione (the season).

A noun ending in –e or in an accented vowel (-á, -é, -í, -ó, -ú) or consonant is usually masculine. 

There are exceptions and irregular nouns (e.g la mano hand), so when you learn a new noun, try to remember its gender.

Secondly, nouns are singular and plural:

o > i

a > e

e > i

These are just general rules of thumb, of course. So now that we’ve covered the theory of sentence construction, let’s dive into basic phrases—the easiest way to learn Italian. 

Basic greetings:

Ciao.

Hi, Hello, Bye (informal)

Buon giorno.

Good day.

Buon giorno.

Good morning.

Buon giorno.

Use when an American would say: “Good afternoon,” or “Have a good day.”

Buona sera.

Good evening.

Buona notte.

Good night.

Grazie!

Thank you!

Prego!

You’re welcome!

At the airport:

Buon giorno, Lucia.

Good afternoon, Lucia.

Piacere di conoscerti!

Nice to meet you!

Di dove sei?

Where are you from?

(Io) Sono di Roma.

I am from Rome.

Quanti anni hai?

How old are you?

Ho 35 anni.

I’m 35.

A che ora è il mio volo?

What time is my flight?

Dov’è il tuo bagaglio?

Where is your baggage?

Il mio bagaglio è nell’auto.

My baggage is in the car.

Ho perso il mio passaporto!

I’ve lost my passport!

 

Ho fame/sete. Dov’è il bar?

I’m hungry/thirsty. Where is the bar?

Il bar è la.

The bar is over there.

A che ora devo essere all'aeroporto?

What time do I have to be at the airport?

Devi essere all’aereoporto alle 5 pm.

You have to be at the airport at 5 pm.

Quanto dura la fermata?

How long is the stop over?

Il suo bagaglio è troppo pesante. (formal)

Your baggage is too heavy.


At the hotel:

Avete una camera doppia per due notti?

Do you have a double room for two nights?

Certo signore/signora.

Certainly Sir/Madam.

Cenerà in albergo?

Will you be having dinner at the hotel?

No grazie, facciamo solo la prima colazione.

No thanks. We'll just take breakfast .

L’aria condizionata non funziona.

The air conditioning doesn’t work.

Buona notte.

Good night.

Ho perso la mia chiave!

I’ve lost my key!

Prego!

You’re welcome!

Può suggerirci un buon ristorante?

Could you suggest a good restaurant?

Ho bisogno di più asciugamani.

I need more towels.

Quando servite la colazione?

When do you serve breakfast?

 Some useful vocabulary:

chiave

key

salvietta

towel

stanza

room

accappatoio

bathrobe

aria condizionata

air conditioning

televisiore/TV

TV

letto

bed

bollitore

kettle

bagno

Bathroom

ascensore

elevator

piano

floor

Servizio in camera

Room service

 At the restaurant:

Salve. Vorremmo un tavolo per due.

Hello. We’d like a table for two.

Cosa mi consiglia?

What do you recommend?

Vuole della pasta?

Would you like some pasta?

Prendo la bistecca.

I’ll have a steak.

Vorrei anche delle verdure.

I’d also like some vegetables.

Vuole qualcosa da bere?

Would you like something to drink?

Voglio dell’acqua e del vino rosso.

I’d like some water and some red wine.

Vuole un dessert/un dolce?

Would you like a dessert?

Vuole della frutta fresca?

Would you like some fresh fruit?

Prendo la torta al cioccolato.

I’ll have chocolate cake.

 

Dove sono i servizi? Dov’è il bagno?

Where is the toilet/restroom?

Questo pesce non mi piace. Posso ordinare qualcos’altro per favore?

I don’t like this fish. Could I order something else please?

L’arrosto era delizioso!

The roast meat was delicious!

C’è un menu fisso?

Do you have a set menu?

Quali sono le specialità della casa?

what are your specialities?

Posso avere il conto?

Can I have the bill?


Some useful vocabulary:

Prosciutto

ham

pollo

chicken

Pesce

fish

bistecca

steak

Maiale

pork

tacchino

turkey

Salsicce

sausage

mela

apple

arancia, arance

orange, oranges

pera

pare

Fragola

strawberry

mirtillo

blueberry

Uva

grape

limone

lemon

fico, fichi

fig, figs

carne

meat

Pomodoro

tomato

pomodorino

cherry tomato

Cipolla

onion

carota

carrot

Zucchine

zucchini

patata

potato

fungo, funghi

mushroom, pl.

melanzana

eggplant

Peperone

pepper (vegetable)

insalata

salad

Dolce/dessert

dessert

zuppa

soup

Latte

milk

succo

juice

Burro

butter

marmellata

jam

burro di arachidi

peanut butter

aglio

garlic

uovo, uova

egg, eggs

formaggio

cheese

olio

oil

aceto

vinegar

miele

honey

zucchero

sugar

sale

salt

pepe

pepper (black)

pane

bread

Patatine fritte

French fries

riso

rice

cereali

cereal

frutta

fruit

verdura

vegetable

 

forchetta

fork

cucchiaio

spoon

coltello

knife

piatto

plate

tazza

coffee cup

bicchiere

glass

scodella

bowl

tovaglia

tablecloth

tovagliolo

napkin

tovaglioli di carta

paper towels

Il sugo

sauce

fritto

fried

affumicato

smoked

ripieno

stuffed

Al forno

baked

cotto

cooked

arrosto

roasted

cruto

raw

Al sangue

rare

Ben cotto

Well done

Media cottura

medium

Al vapore

Steamed


Note
: In Italian restaurants you will be charged a “cover charge” called coperto, however the sales tax is included in the item prices. Also, you don’t have to tip the waiters, although they might expect you to do so since you are a tourist. Italians do not tip as a percentage of their bill in restaurants. Ever. If you just can’t get up from the table with a clean conscience without leaving a little something extra, you can do tipping Italian style: round up your bill to the nearest 0 or 5 or leave a 5 or 10 euro bill. 

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