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A Lesson on Arabic Pronouns

A Lesson on Arabic Pronouns
on March 23, 2017

Arabic pronouns are similar to English pronouns in that they cover the basics of I, you, she, he, they, etc… As a point of departure, Arabic pronouns include singular, plural and “dual” pronouns. It may sound odd, but whereas English only has two forms of pronouns (singular and dual), Arabic includes three: singular, dual and plural. Dual pronouns describe exactly two nouns, whereas plural describe three or more nouns.

Here’s a summary table of Arabic pronouns:

 

English

Subject Pronouns

English

Object Pronouns

Singular

I

أنا (ana)

me

ـني (-ni)

you (masc.)

انتَ (anta)

you (masc.)

ـكَ (-ka)

you (fem.)

انتِ (anti)

you (fem.)

ـكِ (-ki)

he

هو (howwa)

him

ـه (-u)

she

هي (heyya)

her

ـها (-ha)

Dual

we

نحن (naHnu)

us

ـنا (-na)

you

أنتما (antuma)

you

ـكما (-kuma)

they

هما (humaa)

them

ـهما (-huma)

Plural

we

نحن (naHnu)

us

ـنا (-na)

you (masc.)

أنتم (antum)

you (masc.)

ـكم (-kum)

you (fem.)

أنتن (antunna)

you (fem.)

ـكن (-kunna)

they (masc.)

هم (homa)

them (masc.)

ـهم (-hum)

they (fem.)

هن (hunna)

them (fem.)

ـهن (-hunna)


Additionally, it’s worth noting that there are no possessive pronouns (or adjectives) in Arabic and that personal pronouns can be attached to nouns, verbs and prepositions.

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