How to Learn Turkish for Beginners

By OptiLingo

Learning Turkish is among the languages that require classes to understand different sounds, pronunciations and stressed and unstressed words in a sentence. The simplest technique of understanding the language is by learning simple Turkish terms such as greetings, introductions to people and asking common words that make a conversation.

Expressions, sounds, and grammar of the words and sentences are guidelines to how to learn Turkish for beginners. Among the best classes for beginners are to review how to greet, speak politely, introducing yourself and how to make a speech. Further, the beginner can learn how to address other people and asking some complex words in Turkish while enhancing the language.


Turkish Courses for Beginners

Learning and understanding Turkish language for beginners has six courses, each accompanied by a detailed lesson of getting to know the language in a more profound manner. The classes range from the simplest to the more complex words in phrases, grammar, vocabulary and the pattern of pronunciation.


1. Course 1

As mentioned, beginners in the first class have to learn simple Turkish terms such as greetings and introduction of themselves. The course entails the basic understanding of the language as an introductory section guiding the learner on expressions, pronunciation and grammar part in a stepwise technique. In this course, it details the common terms used in Turkish and the related accompanying sentences.


2. Course 2

After understanding the basics of greetings and introduction of yourself in the first class, course two entails how you can explain yourself in different areas. That is, how you express yourself in a shopping center, café, talk about your occupation and schedule an appointment in Turkish. The course lets you learn the phrases and enhance the grammar and sounds of the words pronounced.


3. Course 3

This course provides more details the vocabularies and also improves the beginner’s grammar and phrases in a sentence for each word. The course introduces new terms in vacation planning, foods, shopping and leisure dialogues. The class provides exercise lessons which ensure the conversations fit the rules of the language for the purpose of the listener to understand. The course also categorizes the beginner at the upper level of Turkish language study.


4. Course 4

Course 4 involves the beginner understanding how to converse in different dialogues in Turkish from a small conversation of the weather to advanced discussions of occupations and fluent meeting talks. The beginner can describe with new vocabularies concerning daily experience and current activities fluently along with new phrases. Advanced grammar rules and pronunciations in this category are considered to fit the upper level as well.


5. Course 5

The course focuses on the daily experience and culture the Turkish society accompanied by the geographical, social, neighboring communities and how residents conduct their holidays and leisure time. The lesson offers the terms used their vocabularies, grammar and the essential expressions available in this section. As there is a wide range of topics to cover, the new experience a beginner gains from the course sharpens the conversation skills as most Turkey visitors explore these fields frequently.


6. Course 6

The sixth course here teaches you how to precisely articulate your thoughts and in expressing an overview of other people, and everyday activities in Turkish. The course brings a sense of Turkish language with the introduction of more terms, grammar, sounds of words and expressions at this level. Completion of this course provides a critical step for a beginner to understand the language extensively



Understanding grammar is easy with learning steps and practicing regularly with the addition of speaking while concentrating on the grammar. Learning Turkish accompanies various factors such as the vowels, cases, words and ending categories, verbs and tenses, and the different sentences.


1. Vowel Harmony

It entails understanding the how major and minor pronunciation interact in a word to bring out the required meaning in a sentence. To understand how to learn Turkish for beginners should a correct vowel harmony to ensure that the word has the intended meaning.


2. Cases In Turkish

Like other languages, it’s important to have the knowledge of how and when to use the cases such as the location with the locative, ablative, dative, the genitive, possessive and genitive, accusative and the general skills of using the cases.


3. Words And Endings

A beginner should know how to form Turkish words and inputting the endings such as pronouns, conjunctions, and adjectives. The different words and endings include word information, personal pronouns, and endings, possessive determiners and endings, plural ending with nouns postpositions and compound words.


4. Verbs And Tenses

Turkish also contains different past, present and future tenses and verbs which require attention for beginners. Therefore, practice verbs in imperative 1 and 2 and use of different verb tenses which have the same or distinct pronunciation. Some of these verbs and tenses also include modal verbs, optative, negation and questions, future tenses, making suggestions and negation of verbs.


Types of Sentence Structure

Another grammar to focus on is the construction of Turkish sentences understanding the different types of sentences to develop a speech or dialogue. Some of the lessons include the number word, question words, yes-no questions, sentence negation, and the Turkish structure.


Main Reasons for Learning Turkish

There are some events which a learner may opt to learn Turkish such as a course for vacation and expressions for the daily experiences. Some individuals may learn the language to cope with friends or by learning different rules that govern the grammar, phrases and Turkish sentences


1. Pronunciation

Some Turkish letters may look similar to English but with a very different pronunciation hence a learner may register for a course in learning the sounds. The classes offer lessons in Turkish alphabets and pronunciation of distinct consonants such as /I/, /s/ and /z/ that have a different sound in both English and Turkish.


2. Spelling Rules

Learning Turkish orthography in capitalization, vowels, and alphabets and the use of apostrophes are the maim rules in the Turkish language. The rules also can be extended to grammar, phrases in the construction of different sentences.


3. Vacation Purposes

For beginners who visit Turkey, for instance, Istanbul, learning Turkish can be beneficial in communicating with different individuals in the country. Greetings, restaurant, hotel, bus stop, and sometimes treatment conversations will tend to be easier and quickly understood. Partaking a course in Turkish lessons as such can be of great importance for your vacation


4. Expressions

Despite the course being an upper beginner level in learning Turkish, it entails all the common phrases and expressions for daily activities of the language. Essential expression classes include learning how to address people, both formal and informal, develop a conversation with greetings and in saying goodbye, praying, appreciating, welcoming, leisure phrases and common daily terms.

Other Turkish courses to pursue consists of learning the meaning of Turkish names, tongue twisters, numbers, and types of friends. Similar to other languages, Turkish also has a vast of important words such as media, relationship, digital world, transport, and travel.