Now that you have the most basic elements for foreign language learning, it is time to get into the more complicated aspects. However, before diving too far into your studies, it is important to understand the importance of vocabulary. If you don’t have a solid Spanish vocabulary, you aren’t really going to speak Spanish. If you have a robust vocabulary, you will be able to communicate more effectively and efficiently, even if your grammar is shaky. It will help you start to learn Spanish and the grammar will start to make more sense as you go.
Find an app that helps you learn new words and that you can use every day. Daily vocabulary exercises will make it a lot easier to learn everything else because you will have the words necessary to speak effectively.
After vocabulary, the next thing to learn is the order in which Spanish speakers place words in a sentence when speaking. It is generally similar to English, but they tend to be stricter about sticking to the proper word order (whereas with English, you can usually move parts of speech around without changing the meaning, depending on what you want to emphasize). The order is usually as follows:
Subject, verb, remainder of the sentence.
Also, like in English, you can make a sentence have a negative meaning: just add “no” after the noun.
The book isn’t long.
El libro no es largo.
I don’t speak Spanish.
No hablo español.
The only difference between a statement and a question in Spanish is the tone of voice at the end of the sentence. You don’t need to change word order to ask something. The only real difference is when you write: you put an upside-down question mark at the beginning as well as the standard question mark at the end.
Statement: You went to the library. Question: Did you go to the library?
The verb is moved to the beginning. You don’t need to do this for Spanish.
Statement: Fuiste a la biblioteca. Question: ¿Fuiste a la biblioteca?
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