Learn About Spanish Articles

By OptiLingo • 2 minutes read

Overview of Spanish definite and indefinite articles

Understanding grammar will help you on your way to foreign language fluency. When learning the Spanish language, it’s important to know that similar to English, Spanish makes use of definite and indefinite articles. Spanish definite articles refer to a specific item, and are similar to the word “the” in English. Spanish indefinite articles refer to a general or non-specified item, and are similar to “a” or “an” in English.

In contrast to English, however, Spanish articles vary depending on the gender of the noun they refer to. (Don’t worry, we’ll cover noun gender in the section on Spanish nouns.)

Spanish articles also vary depending on whether they refer to a singular item or more than two, plural items. In English, for example, we only use ‘the’ for all nouns, but in Spanish we have to use ‘el’ if the article precedes a singular masculine noun, or ‘los’ if the article precedes plural masculine noun.

Here’s a summary of Spanish direct articles:

Quantity
Noun Gender
Spanish

Direct Article

singular
masculine
el
singular
feminine
la
Plural
masculine
los
Plural
feminine
las

El libro – The book

La mesa – The table

Los niños – The boys

Las niñas – The girls

Quantity
Noun Gender
Spanish

Direct Article

singular
Masculine
un
singular
Feminine
una
Plural
Masculine
unos
Plural
Feminine
unas

Un libro – a book

Una mesa – a table

Un niño – a boy

Una niña – a girl

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