Learn the Spanish Alphabet

By OptiLingo

Learn the Spanish alphabet and perfect your Spanish accent with the right Spanish pronunciation.

Understanding grammar will help you on your way to foreign language fluency. When learning the Spanish language, it’s important to know that the Spanish alphabet is nearly identical to the English one, but the pronunciation for many of the letters can be tricky.

Compared to the 26 letters in the English alphabet, there are 30 letters in the Spanish alphabet, although only 27 are official. The letters “ch” “ll” and “rr” are part of the formally written Spanish language, but not part of the official alphabet. Also like English, there are numerous sounds by letters and letter combinations that are not technically part of the alphabet, but that you need to learn to pronounce in order to properly speak the language.

The following is the Spanish alphabet.

Basic Letter

Spanish Equivalent

English Equivalent

Pronunciation (English)

a

a

ah

Star

b

be

bay

Bank

c

ce

say

Can (before vowels a, o, and u)
Cent (before vowels e and i)

ch

che

chay

Choice (Note: not part of the official alphabet)

d

de

day

Mix of d and th, like thud

e

e

ay

Away

f

efe

ef-fay

Fate

g

ge

hay

Gum (before vowels a, o, and u)
Hot (before vowels e and i)

h

hache

ah-chay

Typically not pronounced (silent letter)

i

i

ee

Sheep

j

jota

ho-tah

Hot

k

ka

kah

Kitchen

l

ele

el-lay

Loud

ll

elle

ay-yay

Yes (Note: not part of the official alphabet)

m

eme

em-may

Man

n

ene

en-ay

No

ñ

eñe

en-yay

Canyon

o

o

oh

No

p

pe

pay

Pay

q

cu

koo

Kiss

r

ere

air-ay

Park

rr

erre

err-ay

Rolling sound (Note: not part of the official alphabet)

s

ese

es-say

Say

t

te

tay

Toe

u

u

oo

Pool

v

ve

vay

Bat

w

doble ve

doe-blay vay

Way

x

equis

ek-kees

Varies, ks like talks, h like home, ch like cheese when used at the beginning of a word

y

i griega

ee gree-ay-ga

Green

z

zeta

say-ta

Varies, say and zero

The best way to learn the Spanish pronunciation is to actually talk with someone, particularly for letters and letter combinations that don’t have an English equivalent. It will be very difficult to hear the sound, let alone pronounce it, which is why it is important to take the time to study the sounds that are significantly different.