All About Spanish Nouns

By optilingo

Brief introduction to Spanish nouns, including masculine and feminine nouns in Spanish

Understanding grammar will help you on your way to foreign language fluency. When learning the Spanish language, it’s important to know about Spanish nouns.

Having learned about the articles that reflect a noun’s gender, it’s time to learn about the words that drive those articles. It is important to learn a noun’s gender when learning the noun, because the gender affects more than just the article. This does make memorization a little trickier because you should learn more than just the word and its pronunciation.

There are a few things that are used in sentences to identify a noun’s gender, and help to build your vocabulary.

Masculine Nouns

Nearly every Spanish word [Core Spanish Vocabulary] that ends with the letter o is masculine. When indicating a person, the noun will generally end in o to indicate the male gender.

el amigo                     male friend

el cocinero                 male cook

Feminine Nouns

Nearly every Spanish word that ends with the letters “a” or “d is feminine. There are also a few letter combinations that typically indicate a noun is feminine: -ión, -dad, -tad, and -umbre.

When indicating a person, the noun will usually end with an “a” to indicate a female.

la amiga                     female friend

la cocinera                 female cook

la profesora               female professor

la autora                     female cook

Exceptions

Naturally, there are exceptions to these basic rules. The following is a short list of the most common exceptions – ones you are likely to use and should memorize.

Hand                           la mano           feminine

Day                             el día               masculine

Problem                      el problema     masculine

System                        el sistema        masculine

Plural

To indicate more than one of anything, in most cases you should simply add an “s” to the end of the noun; add “es”when the noun ends in a consonant. This is true regardless of the gender of the noun. However, keep in mind that plural nouns do have plural articles. El becomes los; la becomes las.

los amigos                 the male friends

las amigas                 the female friends

los cocineros             the male cooks

las cocineras             the female cooks

los profesores            the male teachers

las profesoras            the female professors

los autores                 the male writers

las autoras                 the female writers

las manos                  the hands

los días                      the days

los problemas            the problems

los sistemas               the systems