Russian Numbers

By OptiLingo

Learn how to count in Russian. This free online Russian lesson covers Russian numbers, including both Russian cardinals and Russian ordinals.

When you learn any language, you’ll need to learn how to count properly. It helps to know the best way to study Russian. However, numbers in Russian are pretty straightforward – especially if you already speak English. Like many languages around the world, Russian cardinal numbers use the Arabic number system, just like English. So the number “1” is written exactly the same in Russian as it is in English, as are all the other numbers.

So why did I use that fancy word, “Russian cardinal number” before? Well that’s because in every language, cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers are totally different, and this represents a challenge for every students, at least at the beginning. But do not worry, challenges in language learning are there to be overcome, and with practice, everybody can master Russian numbers.

So, let’s begin by learning what exactly means to talk about an ordinal number or about a cardinal number. Russian cardinal numbers are regular mathematical numbers like 1, 2, 5, 50, 500, 1,047 and so on. Russian cardinal numbers count specific items and are used in mathematics.

Cardinal numbers in Russian are easy to learn, especially if you use the following table:

0

нуль

10

десять

20

двадцать

300

триста

1

один

11

одиннадцать

30

тридцать

400

четыреста

2

два

12

двенадцать

40

сорок

500

пятьсот

3

три

13

тринадцать

50

пятьдесят

600

шестьсот

4

четверо

14

четырнадцать

60

шестьдесят

700

семьсот

5

пять

15

пятнадцать

70

семьдесят

800

восемьсот

6

шесть

16

шестнадцать

80

восемьдесят

900

девятьсот

7

семь

17

семнадцать

90

девяносто

1000

тысяча

8

восемь

18

восемнадцать

100

сто

10,000

десять тысяч

9

девять

19

девятнадцать

200

двести

100,000

сто тысяч

As you can observe, the big challenge is learning the first nineteen numbers as they are totally different from one another. But once you get to twenty (veinte), you only have to add the letter ‘y’ and one of the first nine numbers (1-9) to the the numbers representing the tens. Let’s see some examples:

32: тридцать два

44: сорок четыре

68: шестьдесят восемь

99: девяносто девять

So can do that until you get to one-hundred (cien). For one-hundred-one, you add the syllable ‘to’ to the word ‘cien’, and then you simple add the following numbers as with the numbers representing the tens.

108: Сто восемь

134: Сто тридцать четыре

182: Сто восемьдесят два

196: Сто девяносто шесть

Russian ordinal numbers, on the other hand, are not used to count, but to show order. Ordinal numbers also exist in English, and as in any other language, they are used to describe a list of things. Examples of ordinal numbers in English are “first” and “second” and “fifth” and so on.

Here’s a short list of ordinal numbers in the Russian language:

First: первый

Second: второй

Third: в третьих

Fourth: четвертый

Fifth: пятый

Sixth: шестой

Seventh: седьмой

Eigth: восьмой

Ninth: девятый

Tenth: десятый

Twentieth: двадцатый

Thirtieth: тридцатый

Fortieth: сороковой

Fiftieth: пятидесятый

Sixtieth: шестидесятый

Seventieth: семидесятый

Eightieth: восьмидесятый

Ninetieth: девяностый

To form other cardinal numbers, you simple add the first nine ordinal numbers to the units of ten.

11th: одиннадцатый

24th: двадцать четвертый

45th: Сорок пятый

99th: Девяносто девятый

Finally, it is important to know that in Russian, we use the cardinal numbers to state the dates. Russian speakers say Сегодня первое мая(Today is the 1st of May), instead of Сегодня мая первое (Today is May 1st.)