The Russian Education System

By OptiLingo

How Are Russians Educated?

Before you begin working your way to foreign language fluency, it helps to understand the culture behind the language you’re learning. After all, language exists to help a group of people express their ideas and beliefs. Russia is a vast country with a rich history and culture. As you begin your Russian language program, gaining a strong grasp on this history, the values, and the etiquette will help you rapidly achieve success. In particular, Russians place a great deal of value on their education system and the right to an education.

Early Education

Education for Russian children typically begins early and at the pre-school age. This means that children under six could begin going to school. The primary focus of the early age school programs are physical and intellectual activities. With three levels of education, school could last close to eleven years. Children in the United States and Europe are in school for 12 years. The school year also typically runs from September 1st to the first week in June. School exams are typically taken in June before school lets out for the summer.

With up to 12 hours of school and homework per day for younger children and sixteen for older kids, many are finding themselves overburdened at an early age. The situation has become so dire that the government has planned to introduce more feasible regulatory standards to schools. This will help lessen the amount of school work students will have to undertake. The better guidelines can also reduce stress for those so young.

Schools without a centralized program in education are responsible for choosing their own school courses. This can include the mandatory math, politics, Russian language, foreign languages, history, writing and science to hobbies such as beekeeping. There are also specialty schools with arts, music and sports on the curriculum. On the other hand, while some children see themselves with too much schooling and homework, others don’t have any to contend with. Truancy for Russian children is at an approximate two million truants. Parents of children who are truant can face jail time if their kids fail to go to school.

Higher Education

Russia boasts over 24 universities. At least 10 of them deemed in the top 400 world-wide. In recent years, Russia has done a major overhaul in its higher education classes. They’ve spent close to $7 billion to upgrade the academies and improve the technology used to teach the students. Lomonosov Moscow State University is listed as the highest-ranking university in Russia, and it has an enrollment that almost reaches the 50,000 mark. Novosibirsk State University and Saint Petersburg State University are other notable and prestigious universities with high-rankings.

Higher education reforms proposed by the Russian government has been debated. A typical degree course at university levels can last five years. You can add another two years for those taking post graduate courses.

Reforms stipulate a three-year bachelor’s degree and two-year master program afterward. However, university professors feel that the system in place would offer students who are ill-prepared for the world. The free Soviet university system is fading. An approximate 89 percent of parents of college-age students in Russia are now willing to take the money out of their own pockets and put it towards their children’s education. In addition to the added learning, a college education can bring them more money and future career success.

Parents sending their children to college in Russia may want to start saving early on. Although higher education is typically dependent on the school and study program, the costs can be around $2,000 to $8,000 per year.

The Typical Russian Education

Russia inherited its strict education principles from the Soviet system. Here their rigid philosophy was based on collective development. Punishment was also used more frequently over praise and positive authority. Core subjects in the Russian school system were focused on the basics and classes in science. They also frowned on students who were free thinkers. Aimed at the emotional, physical, intellectual and moral development, the skills mastered in Russian schools are now in place to help students adapt in society and life. The lessons learned can be taken with them and used in obtaining higher education. Students can also use the skills to get ahead in life as they graduate and move into adulthood.

Organized by the state, the education system is free of charge and ensures that everyone is a welcome participant, no matter the class or poverty level. An average 8 percent of children now attend private schools. This is a significant rise over years past. However, most schools are state represented. Many Russian school age children look to careers in the management field. This may be caused by a change in educational principles. Although once run by the Ministry of Education, programs are now geared toward emotional growth, leadership and making friends. This type of thinking has progressed over the years and represents the advancements in the education system.