All About Japanese Grammar

By OptiLingo • 2 minutes read

Japanese, like most other languages in the Far East Asia, is a sign language. It comprises of three distinct signs named Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji. Kanji is originally from China, but there are some Japanese versions of it right now. Katakana are used to write foreign or borrowed words. And Hiragana is the basic Japanese sign language, historically developed by the Japanese.

For simplicity sake, this Guide will mainly utilize the Romanized forms of Japanese language known as Romanji. It simply means presenting Japanese language in the most understandable format for non-Japanese speakers by using letters from the English Alphabet.

Basic Japanese Grammar and Sentence Structure

You’ll quickly notice when you learn how to speak Japanese, its grammar and sentence structure is a lot different than that of English language. The graphical explanations below will shed more light on the comparisons:

English Sentence Structure versus Japanese Sentence Structure

English language: Subject + Verb + Object

For example:     I       like   Sushi

Japanese language: Subject + Object + Verb

For example:     Watashi wa sushi   suki

Although I have a much longer post on Japanese pronouns, in this guide on Japanese grammar, I’m going to lay out the more commonly used Japanese pronouns. 

English
Japanese
I
Watashi (formal)/ Boku (informal)
You
Anata
We
Watashitachi
They
Karera
Them
Sorera
He
Kare
She
Kanojo
Mine
Watashi no
Yours
Anata no
His
Kare no
Hers
Kanojo no
Theirs
Karera no

 

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