Italian is a flexible and phonetic language and its highly musical feature springs from the fact that every words ends in a vowel. If you want to know how to speak Italian, we should spend some time discussing how the language is structured. The Italian phonetic system is easier than English since every letter corresponds to a specific pronounced sound. The vowel allow you to change the structure and stress in sentences, and it (or the ending group of consonants+vowels) brings lot of significance.
For adjective and nouns the vowel means number and gender. Yes, unlike English nouns and adjective have a gender. For verbs the vowel means the subject.
In Italian you will forget the strict order sentence structure replacing it with the “vowels” system. The basic subject–verb–object structure can change in a variety of way. You can put the verb before the subject.
What’s the first tip then. The final vowel, which participate to Italian musicality, has lot of significance. Pay attention to final vowel sound and you will understand what the subject is.
Io mangio una mela (I eat an apple), the “o” meaning “I”. So you can say Mangio una mela.
La mangio (when you know what the object is)
Of course, if you want to know how to speak Italian, we should also cover some basic sentence structure. Just as in English, an Italian sentence is composed by Subject (who or what performs the action) + Verb (the action) + Object (who or what receive the action).
Example: Io mangio una mela (I eat an apple).
Io ho una macchina (I have a car)
In these example the subject is expressed is the first (Io – meaning “I”) and is repeated in the o, the conjugated verb. What if I say “Ho una macchina?” In Italian this form is correct and widely used.
Having a look at Italian verbs is useful to start to form first survival sentences to go to Italy. But first, the list of Italian personal pronouns subject in order to understand whoever the sentence is about. In the very left the Italian subjects, English explanation, and then a way to pronounce them. Here’s a quick summary that’s designed to help you with how to speak Italian:
Io (I) ee
Tu (you for one person, singular) too
Lui, lei, Lei (he, she, you singular formal) loo-ee/lay
Noi (we) noh-ee
Voi (you for two or more people, plural) voh-ee
Loro (they) loh-roh
Tu parli italiano (you speak Italian). I am talking about you reader! Just one reader. Voi parlate italiano (you speak Italian). I am talking about all the readers! You can be two or more people. Lei parla bene l’inglese (You Mr, Mrs, Miss). The capitalized Lei is the polite way to address to someone that is not a friend or a family member.
If you really want to know how to speak Italian, let’s think outside the box; see the example below.
Parliamo italiano, Parlano italiano, Mangio una mela, Mangi una mela.
[We] speak Italian, [They] speak Italian, [I] eat an apple, [You] eat an apple.
Italian verbs are divided into three groups, depending on how their infinitive form ends: –are; –ere; –ire. 1st, 2nd and 3rd conjugation. Mangiare (to eat) belongs to the first group: -are group.