German Pronouns

By OptiLingo

German pronouns are similar to English pronouns, so this post should make sense to English speakers. That said, there is one major point of difference between German pronouns and English pronouns. Because there are four grammatical cases in German, there are different versions of German pronouns.

A summary of German personal pronouns for the nominative, accusative and dative cases is provided below:

Nominative Accusative Dative
Ich I mich me mir (to) me
du you (inf. sing.) dich you dir (to) you
Er he, it ihn him, it ihm (to) him, it
sie she, it sie her, it ihr (to) her, it
es it es it ihm (to) it
wir we uns us uns (to) us
ihr you (inf. pl.) euch you euch (to) you
sie they sie them ihnen (to) them
Sie you (formanl, sing. & pl.) Sie you Ihnen (to) you

In addition to the pronouns above, German also has reflexive pronouns, as described below:

Accusative Dative
myself mich mir
yourself (inf. sing.) dich dir
himself, herself, itself, oneself sich sich
ourselves uns uns
yourselves (inf. pl.) euch euch
themselves sich sich
yourself, yourselves (formal) sich sich