In this post, I’m going to provide a crash course for you to learn Hebrew. Of course, this isn’t a comprehensive guide, but it’s one of several that are focused on learning Hebrew.
Let’s start with the Hebrew alphabet. You don’t have to master it, but getting familiar with it will definitely help. One thing to keep in mind is that you need to read right to left. If you haven’t already, I strongly suggest you check out this other post on the Hebrew alphabet—learning it is important if you really want to learn Hebrew.
Like many languages, but unlike English, Hebrew is a gendered language. Sentence structure changes depending on whether you are speaking to a man or a women. It will take some getting used to but it’s probably the most important part of starting to learn Hebrew –– you should really do your best to notice the gender from the beginning, because if you don’t, it’s much harder to change that habit later on. Even if you say a perfect sentence, it is very unpleasant to have people talking to you like you’re a man if you’re a woman –– and vice versa. Note that both verbs and nouns differ, and it doesn’t only apply to things you’re talking about or people you’re talking to. It also depends on the gender of the person talking; so, for instance, phrases like “I’d like to introduce you to my ___” –– would be said differently by men and women, no matter who you’d like to introduce. The verb takes a female form when its subject (in this case you –– the person speaking; more on that in a second) is a female –– and, you guessed right, a male form when the subject is a male. Now about the subject: the form the verb takes doesn’t necessarily depend on the person speaking. Let me explain: it would be the same if you wanted to say that someone else would like to introduce someone, then it would simply depend on whether that someone else (who does the introducing –– that is, the action in the sentence) is a male or a female.
There is another thing that might sound funny to the English speakers learning Hebrew, and that is the sentence structure. Even the simplest word combination you can think of, say –– “beautiful girl”, would be the other way around in Hebrew: ילדה יפה –– pronounced “YALDA YAFA”, when “YALDA” (the first word) means “girl”, and “YAFA” means beautiful. So essentially you’re saying “girl beautiful”, but it wouldn’t make sense any other way. Note, however, that if you want to say a sentence like “this girl is beautiful”, you would say (remember, right to left):
הילדה הזאת יפה –– pronounced: “HAYALDA HAZOT YAFA”, which is, word by word:
HA –– ה –– the
YALDA –– ילדה –– girl
HAZOT –– הזאת –– this (when referring to female)
YAFA –– יפה –– beautiful
So, in this case, the ‘girl’ and ‘beautiful’ would be in the same order as in English, but ‘this’ would come after ‘girl’, and, just as importantly, you would have to add ‘the’ before, which is only a letter in Hebrew –– ה, pronounced “HA”.
The adjective will always come AFTER the noun in Hebrew. You can think of it like the adverb that comes after the verb. Let’s give another example. Consider the following sentence:
Thanks for the great event.
תודה על האירוע הנהדר.
And if we break it down:
TODA –– תודה –– thanks
AL –– על –– for
HA –– ה –– the
EROO’A –– אירוע –– event
HA –– ה –– the
NE’HEDAR –– נהדר –– great
So, again, ‘event’ comes before ‘great’. Another important thing to learn from this example is that while you only say ‘the’ once in English, you have to say it twice in Hebrew –– once for the noun (event), and a second time for the adjective (great).
I’m going to leave it there for now, but feel free to check out some of my other posts below if you want to continue to learn Hebrew.