All About Japanese Grammar

By optilingo

Japanese, like most other languages in the Far East Asia, is a sign language. It comprises of three distinct signs named Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji. Kanji is originally from China, but there are some Japanese versions of it right now. Katakana are used to write foreign or borrowed words. And Hiragana is the basic Japanese sign language, historically developed by the Japanese.

For simplicity sake, this Guide will mainly utilize the Romanized forms of Japanese language known as Romanji. It simply means presenting Japanese language in the most understandable format for non-Japanese speakers by using letters from the English Alphabet.

Basic Japanese Grammar and Sentence Structure

You’ll quickly notice when you learn how to speak Japanese, its grammar and sentence structure is a lot different than that of English language. The graphical explanations below will shed more light on the comparisons:

English Sentence Structure versus Japanese Sentence Structure

English language: Subject + Verb + Object

For example:     I       like   Sushi

Japanese language: Subject + Object + Verb

For example:     Watashi wa sushi   suki

Although I have a much longer post on Japanese pronouns, in this guide on Japanese grammar, I’m going to lay out the more commonly used Japanese pronouns. 

English Japanese
I Watashi (formal)/ Boku (informal)
You Anata
We Watashitachi
They Karera
Them Sorera
He Kare
She Kanojo
Mine Watashi no
Yours Anata no
His Kare no
Hers Kanojo no
Theirs Karera no

I’m going to leave it there for now. I get into more on Japanese in my other posts, which you can check out below.