How to Learn French Grammar

By OptiLingo

Learn how to study French grammar the right way. OptiLingo’s free online French grammar lessons will teach you the quick and easy way.

French Grammar

OptiLingo’s free online French grammar lessons are perfect for all ranges of study. Whether you’re just beginning to learn French or you are already an advanced speaker, our free French grammar lessons will teach you the basics and help you master more advanced topics the quick and easy way.

The Easy Way to Learn French Grammar

OptiLingo’s free online French lessons offer the best way to learn French grammar. We give you the structure you need to understand how the French language works and then lots of helpful examples to illustrate each principle in practice. We believe this is the best way to learn French- just a little bit of theory and a lot of practice.

How to Study French Grammar

Throughout free online French grammar lessons, we offer a range of helpful French vocabulary words and lots of helpful French survival phrases. We combine all of this with helpful grammatical references that provide the context necessary to understand why a certain French phrase or sentence works the way it does. For anyone who has ever struggled with how to learn French grammar, we know that this approach works the best.

There’s no need to wait! Get started with OptiLingo’s free online grammar lessons!

At OptiLingo, we don’t believe in a one-size-fits-all approach to learning French- or any other language. For that reason, all of the lessons in our free online French course are available for you to chose from. Some might want to start at the beginning and work their way through each free French lesson. Others might want to pick and choose; whether you’re just beginning with French or you are already at an intermediate or advanced level of French, the decision is up to you. Feel free to check out some of our most popular and helpful French grammar lessons below.

French alphabet and pronunciation

The French alphabet, also spelled “alphabet” in French, consists of 26 letters. It is similar to the English alphabet, with a few minor exceptions. In this section on the French alphabet, we’ll walk you through those differences so you can master the French alphabet and French pronunciation quickly and easily.

French dialects

Most people are familiar with the Metropolitan Dialect of French. Like many widely-spoken languages, however, French comes in many different varieties, and the dialects across the world are innumerable.

French numbers

Want to count to 10 in French? How about 100? Then you’ll need to learn French cardinal numbers. Do you want to describe the first time you went to France? How about the third time you visited Canada? Then you’ll need to learn French ordinal numbers.

French articles

In English, there are direct and indirect articles: “the” and “a” (or “an”). There are also French direct articles and French indirect articles, but there are seven in total, depending on whether the noun they refer to is singular or plural, masculine or feminine.

French nouns

Unlike English, French nouns may be masculine or feminine in gender. Similar to English, French nouns may also be singular or plural. Generally speaking, French nouns that refer to males are masculine and French nouns referring to females are feminine, but nouns referring to inanimate objects and abstract concepts also have grammatical gender.

French pronouns

French pronouns operate a bit differently from English pronouns and come in a number of different varieties:

French personal pronouns: fall into the categories of French subject pronouns, object pronouns, prepositional pronouns and reflexive pronouns.

French relative pronouns: link two parts of a sentence together that have something in common.

French demonstrative pronouns: agree in gender and number with the nouns they represent.

French indefinite pronouns: refer to singular or plural nouns in a general sense.

The subject of French pronouns is rich and complex, and the links above will provide you with a grounding in this topic.

French interrogative pronouns: also referred to as French question words; these are similar to “who, what, where, when, why, how” in English, though there are a few more French interrogative pronouns than there are English ones.

French adjectives

All French adjectives must agree in gender and number with the French nouns they modify. As such, French adjectives come in four regular forms, although a number of irregular endings exist as well.

French regular adjectives ending in:

n/a       singular, masculine

-s         plural, masculine

-e         singular, feminine

-es       plural, feminine

French comparatives and French superlatives

French comparatives and French superlatives operate similar to their counterparts in English. Put simply, comparatives are adjectives that compare one object to another; for example:

Le garçon est plus grand que la fille.

The boy is taller than the girl.

French superlatives contrast one item among all others as having the highest degree; for example:

Le garçon est le plus grand de la classe.

The boy is the tallest in the class.

French adverbs

Whereas adjectives describe nouns and pronouns, French adverbs describe adjectives, verbs and other adverbs. In English, adverbs are formed by adding –ly to adjectives. In French, many adverbs are often formed by adding –ment or -mente to the end of the adjective.

French verbs


Writing in French (French sentence structure)


French grammatical cases

French grammar does not use grammatical cases.

French cognates, false cognates and French false friends

French and English share around 20% – 25% of their vocabularies in common. These shared words are referred to as cognates. At the same time, there are a number of words that sound similar in both languages but have different meanings. These are called false cognates or false friends (faux amis).

French vocabulary

Are you struggling to learn French vocabulary? We’ve identified the top 600 most helpful and commonly used French vocabulary terms and organized them into 26 thematic groups. OptiLingo’s French vocabulary list will help you learn the words you need to speak French quickly and confidently.

French survival phrases

Similar to our French vocabulary section, OptiLingo’s French survival phrases are designed to give you the broadest ability to express yourself. We avoid terms like, “Can you help me with my luggage” and teach you broad-based terms you can use almost everywhere like, “Help me with this, please.” That’s just one example, but you’ll see what we mean when you check out these lessons.

Additional reference

In addition to all of the above, OptiLingo’s free online French course [Free Online French Course]also provides a number of reference-based French lessons on French holidays, how to say the seasons in French, as well as French days of the week and French months of the year.